Volume 3, Issue 1 • Fall 2013

Table of Contents


The Impact of Juvenile Mental Health Court on Recidivism Among Youth

Gender-Specific Mental Health Outcomes of a Community-Based Delinquency Intervention

Predicting Recidivism Among Juvenile Delinquents: Comparison of Risk Factors for Male and Female Offenders

Building Connections Between Officers and Baltimore City Youth: Key Components of a Police–Youth Teambuilding Program

Internet-Based Mindfulness Meditation and Self-regulation: A Randomized Trial with Juvenile Justice Involved Youth

Assessing Youth Early in the Juvenile Justice System

A Jury of Your Peers: Recidivism Among Teen Court Participants

Commentary: Place-Based Delinquency Prevention: Issues and Recommendations


Journal of Juvenile Justice Cover

Historically, the state and local response to delinquency has focused on strategies and tactics as they pertain to the system and its agents—law enforcement, the courts, corrections, and affiliated agencies. Today, a growing body of research on adolescent brain and behavioral development, philanthropic advocacy, and pressing fiscal realities are fueling efforts in states and communities across the country as they rethink their response to juvenile offending. Recognizing that an evidence-based approach must guide innovation and reform, OJJDP supports research that informs juvenile justice policymakers and practitioners about what works, what is worth further exploration, and how to improve existing delinquency prevention and intervention responses.

Significant new scientific findings are expanding what we know about the processes of growth and maturation that are ongoing during adolescence. Simply put, adolescents are on the path to adulthood, but this transitory period between childhood and full maturity presents its own unique challenges for the juvenile justice community. Adolescents are not yet adults, nor should we treat them that way when they offend. Our responsibility to our children is to help them successfully navigate the difficult process of growing up so that they become fully contributing members of their communities. Because violence and trauma can often derail positive development of too many young people, it is important that we examine and discuss the issues that hinder their potential and work to get their lives back on track for healthy growth and wellness.

The Journal of Juvenile Justice is a critical component in OJJDP’s efforts to support the infusion of evidence into policy and practice and to ensure that our partners in the field have ready access to the latest juvenile justice research and evaluation findings. In this issue, we present articles on a study of the effects of one juvenile mental health court on recidivism, an evaluation of gender-specific mental health outcomes of a community-based delinquency intervention program, and a study of whether male and female offenders have differing risk factors for recidivism. Other articles examine a Baltimore team-building program to improve interactions between police and middle school students, the impact of Internet-based mindfulness meditation and guided relaxation on helping incarcerated youth self-regulate, whether formal processing diversion programs or assessments that screen low-risk youth out of the system are effective against recidivism, and the effectiveness of teen courts on recidivism. The Journal closes with a critique of “hot spot” policing on delinquency prevention.

The juvenile justice field is currently undergoing a great period of innovation and reform. OJJDP publishes the Journal of Juvenile Justice to share and lend a critical eye to the exciting developments that are taking place in communities across the country. Our goal is to spark an ongoing conversation about how we can better serve our children and point to possible ways forward. We hope that you find this issue of the Journal helpful and thought provoking.

Brecht Donoghue
Deputy Associate Administrator of Innovation and Research
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention


Editor in Chief:
Monica L.P. Robbers, Ph.D.

Associate Editors:
Eve Shapiro

Margaret Bowen

Deputy Editors and e-publishing:
Kimberly G. Taylor
Stephen Constantinides

Advisory Board:
Janet Chiancone
Catherine Doyle
Brecht Donoghue

Editorial Office:
CSR Incorporated
2107 Wilson Blvd, Suite 1000
Arlington, VA 22201
Phone: 703-312-5220
Fax: 703-312-5230

Journal website:
ISSN: 2153-8026

Peer Reviewers

Dr. Stephanie Ellis,
Marymount University

Dr. Lia Ahonen,
Örebro University

Dr. Deborah Schiavone,
Howard University School of Nursing

Ms. Sandra Davie,
Department of Youth Services, Lane County, Oregon

Maj. Thomas D. Perks,
Salvation Army Massilon, Ohio

Dr. Julie Singer,
Governor’s Crime Commission of North Carolina Criminal Justice Analysis Center

Dr. Catherine Reed,
The Dibble Institute

Ms. Lisa Thurau,
Strategies for Youth

Dr. Lisa Lunghofer,
MANILA Consulting, Inc., Virginia

Dr. Anne Dannerbeck Janku,
Missouri Office of State Courts Administrator

Dr. Tracy Keaton-Johnson,
Norfolk State University

Dr. Tammy Garland,
The University of Tennessee Chattanooga

Dr. Holly Hills,
University of South Florida

Dr. Marta Makarushka,
Oregon Research Institute

Mr. William Patton, J.D.,
Whittier School of Law, Southern California

Dr. Elena Broaddus,
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Ms. Stacey Bates,
Pflugerville Independent School District, Texas

Dr. Chenelle Jones,
Ohio Dominican University

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